OWER GENERATION AND DISTRIBUTION

The availability of Coal in abundance makes Jharkhand an ideal state for setting up Thermal Power Plants at the Coal Pits. With the abolition of freight-equalization, there is tremendous cost advantage in setting up thermal power plants at the Coal pit itself.

The Present total installed power capacity is 2590 MW. In view of future requirements NTPC, DVC and State PSUs setting up different plants with total capacity of 4736 MW. Due to several new investments in manufacturing setups coming up, the demand for Power both within the state and the nearby states will increase manifold.

There is also scope for setting up Hydel power plants. 67 Hydel Power generation sites have been identified for this purpose.

PROSPECTS AND POTENTIAL IN THE STATE OF JHARKHAND

Background Scenario

The development of electric power generation and supply some how could not receive due attention and priorities in the erstwhile Integrated State of Blhar. In spite of being the second most populous and being endowed with all natural resources, the State had the distinction of having the least capacity of power generation. The State had paltry 1900 MW Installed capacity i.e. a meager 20 watts per capita as against National average of 100 watts per capita. However, after reorganization of the State into two smaller States, Bihar and Jharkhand -the Land of Forests, the Government of Jharkhand has decided and is determined to take quantum jumps in generating capacity addition from its present figure of about 1400 MW - its inheritance from the integrated state. The state of Jharkhand has taken up this as a challenging opportunity and scope to develop.

The Aim and Objective

Presently, the India's power generating Installed capacity is little above 100,000 MW with a Thermal-Hydel Mix in the ratio of 76:24. The present generation level is such that It provides an average per capita electric energy consumption of around 450 kWh for a population of 1000 million people. The state of Jharkhand has also aimed to raise its present level of per capita energy consumption of about 200 kWh to very near to national average by 10th Plan i.e. the year 2007 and thereafter Improve further in consonance and compatibility with best of states like Punjab, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, etc. To fall in line with the planning and proposals of Government of India for power development, the State aspires to enhance its generating capacity by more than double by 11th Plan i.e. 2012, the year by which power-on-demand to the people is committed.
The objective to prepare this write-up is to provide details about prospective power projects, which nave been sanctioned and cleared from the respective agencies and also other potential areas where private entrepreneurs could consider investment.

Initiatives Taken

In a short span of about 2½ years after coming to existence, the Government of Jharkhand has taken the following initiatives in the direction of power development:

State's industrial policy has been formulated to promote and enhance the industrial base and thus increase in demand for electric power.

Jharkhand State Electricity Board has been established. The Board's organizational set up is planned to be on profit center concept with due accountability & authority to down- the-rung units Experts/Consultant's report in this regard is available and is under processing for implementation.

  • The State Government has signed Memorandum of Understanding with Government of India as a token of Its commit to the reforms in the power sector as formulated by the Union Government, Department of power, on 30.04.2001.
  • Decision has been taken to open the state power sector for private Investment and extend all due facilitation and incentive to the investors.
  • The distribution system is planed for privatization at appropriate time.
  • Rural electrification has been accorded top priority. All the 32000 villages are to be electrified by the year 2007. Present electrification level is hardly 15%. This will Increase the power demand and also scope for power generation through small power schemes like small hydro, Biomass, etc.
  • The work on renovation & modernization of existing power generating station as well as transmission and distribution system has already commenced in line with the guidelines Issued by Government of India under Accelerated Power Development Reform Programme (APDRP) and other schemes of national and International Financial Institutions.

The Strategy

The strategy, in essence, of the Government of the state and Jharkhand State Electricity Board is not to leave any stone unturned, to develop the power sector of the State i.e.

  • To go all out for power sector reforms.
  • Compatible development of power transmission and distribution network in the state, co-concurrent with the thrust on generating capacity.
  • Harnessing renewable energy source i.e.

    a. Biomass power generation
    b. Micro / Mini / Small hydro power schemes
    c. Solar power for rural and also strategy location in urban areas
    d. Solid waste utilization & management

  • In conventional power generating sector, install pit - head power stations to reduced menace of coal ash, etc. of Its own as well as welcome entrepreneurs to invest in the sector.

The Prospective Projects   I Thermal

The new identified investigated and techno-economically effective, power projects in the state which could be taken up for Implementation, during 10th & 11th Plan are indicated.

Prospective Coal Based Power Projects

Sl. No. Description Location Capacity Communication Status Type
1. Chandil Thermal Power station 100 km from Ranchipit head 4x500 MW Rail/Road DPR/ ELA reports made earlier are under updatlon Coal, Water Identified Sanctioned Green Field
2. Tenughat Thermal Power Station 100 km from Ranchi Pit head 3x210 MW Rail/Road DPR Prepared Extension of existing 2 x 210 MW
3. North Karanpura
Power Station
70 km from Ranchi Pit head 4x500 MW Rail/Road DPR/EW^MP prepared taken up for development by NIPC as 3 x 660 MW Green Field
4. Lalmatia Power Station 250 km from RanchI Near Farakka Pit head 2x210 MW Rail/Road To be Investigated New green field
5. Chitra Power Station 200 km from Ranchi Pit head 2x210 MW Rail/Road To be Investigated New green field
6. Barhi Power Station 200 km from Ranchi Pit head 2x310 MW Rail/Road To be Investigated New green field
7. PTPS Extension   2x210 MW Rail/Road Extension New green field
8. Rajmahal Power Station, Godda   4x210 MW Rail/Road To be Investigated New green field
9. Auranga Power -Station, Daltonganj   2x210 MW Rail/Road To be Investigated New green field
10. Ramgarh Power Station, Hazaribagh   3x210 MW Rail/Road To be investigated New green field
11. West-Bokaro Power Station, Hazaribagh   3x210 MW Rail/Road To be investigated New green field

* Ranchi - State Capital - connected with cosmopolis of New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai by Air, Rail and Road.

II Hydel

The new, identified, investigated and techno economically effective and sanctioned Hydel power projects are indicated in Table - 4.

Prospective Hydel Power Projects - Table 4

Sl. No. Description Location Capacity MW Status Type
1 Sankh - II Hydel Power Station     2 x 3 + 2 x 90 MW DPR/FR made Sanctioned Green Field
2 Kanhar Hydel Power Station     3 x 100 MW DPR/FR made Sanctioned Green Held Pump Storage
3 Tilaiya Dhadhar 50 km from Ranchi existing Dam 2 x 25 MW DPR/FR made Sanctioned Existing Site
4 Sikidiri - Small Hydro 40 km from Ranchi 2x5MW DPR/FR made Sanctioned Existing Dam toe and tail race of existing station
5 Dassam 40 km from Ranchi 40 MW Investigated Proven Green Field Pump Storage
6 Jonha 60 km from Ranchi 40 MW Investigated Proven Green Field Pump Storage
7 Mohane 200km from Ranchi near Chatra 120 MW Investigated Proven Green Field Pump Storage

The locations of the projects are marked on the Map attached as Annexure -1.

Power Generation from Non - Conventional Sources

In addition to the hydel sites indicated In Table - 4, there are about 70 sites of small / mini / micro hydro power schemes, all put together can generate 100 MW power, station capacities ranging up to 3 MW. The sites are mostly investigated, under investigation and can be taken up for development. A concept note on small hydro in Jharkhand is attached as Annexure - II. The Government of India, Ministry of Non - Conventional Energy Sources (MNES) UNDP, extends lot of facilitation and incentives for this type of projects and also other non -conventional sources, biomass, etc. The State of Jharkhand has large scope for power generating from biomass and solar specially for rural areas.

Coal Bed Methane

State is endowed with lot of coal resources. Recently, large reserves of coal-associated gas - coal bed methane - have been identified. ONGC - India is already In the process of extracting out the gas. The gas can be used for electric power generation - through small/medium size stations. The total availability of Coal Bed Methane in Jharkhand Is assessed about 3 to 5 million cubic meters per day.

Geothermal

As per the recent assessments and investigations carried out, India has large potential of Geothermal Energy, which can be gainfully utilized for power generation, Jharkhand possess a good share of these. Of the total recorded site of 340 in India (by Geothermal Education office - US), 60 sites could be in Jharkhand. Most prospective ones in Jharkhand are indicated in Table- 5.

Table 5

Sl.
No.
Name and Location Surface Temperature °C Average subsurface Temperature °C
1. Surajkund, Hazaribagh District 87 165
2. Jarom, Palamu District 56 150
3. Thatha / Konraha,Palamu District 65 150
4. Tantolaya / Tantlol, Santhal Paragana 70 180

The Power station size in above sites could be In range 20 to 200 MW. The power generated form these [could be straightaway utilized in surrounding areas, avoiding long Transmission lines, at least cost.

SMALL / MINI / MICRO POWER PROJECTS IN JHARKHAND

Installed Capacity

The total installed capacity of Small/Mini/Micro hydel power in Jharkhand Is 4050 kW, out of which 4000 kW of Tilaiya SHP is owned by DVC and 50 kW (5x10 kW of Portable Micro Hydel Sets) is owned by Blhar State Hydro-Electric Power Corporation (BHPC).

The details of operating hydel power plants (Small/Mini/Micro) are given below:

Sl. No. Name of Power Station Owner Installed Capacity Date of Commissioning Location
No. of units x Capacity (KW) Total (KW) District Stream/ River
1. Jalimghagh (PMHS) BHPC 2 x 10 20 14th March, 1997 Lohardaga Chokey
2. Nindighagh (PMHS) SHPC 2 x 10 20 14th March, 1997 Gumla Nindi
3. Goutamghagh (PMHS) BHPC 1 x 10 10 7th January 1999 Palamu Chappi-kona
4. Titaiya SHP DVC 2 x 2000 4000 February, 53, July Hazaribagh Barakar
TOTAL: 4050  

Present Generation

The 5x10 KW of Portable Micro Hydel Sets are isolated project and supply the power to nearby villages of Jalimghagh, Nindighagh and Goutamghagh who require electricity for domestic lighting only. However, these sites have potential of generating such capacity of power round the clock over the year.
Besides this also 2 nos. of new projects of 200 KV each one at Jonhaghagh and one at Nindighagh are being constructed under UNDP.

Potential of Small/Mini/Micro Hydel Power in Jharkhand

There are 90 nos. of Small/Mini/Micro hydel power project having total estimated capacity of 134170 KW under different stages of development, as given below:

Small/Mini/Micro Hydel Power Projects under Different Stages of Development in Jharkhand

Details & Status of Small/Mini/Micro hydel Power Project

1. Project under execution

Sl. No. Name of Project Location (District) Capacity (kW) Status
1 North Koel MEP Mandal Palamu 24000 Not known
2 Chandil Dam HEP, Chandil West Singhbhum 8000 -do-
3 Tenu Bokaro Link Canal HEP, Tenughat Bokaro 1000 - do-
4 Sadani SHP Rajadera Gumla 1000 Being executed by M/s Pareek Brothers
5 Lower Ghagri SHP, Netarhat Palamu 400 Not known
6 Netarhat SHP, Netarhat Palamu 50 -do-
7 Nindlghaqh Demo Protect Lohardaga 200 -do-
8 Jatimghagh Demo Project Gumla 200  
TOTAL: 34850  

2. Projects at DPR Stage

Sl No. Name of Project Location Capacity MW Status
Block District
1 Manjusha SHP Murhu Ranchi 130 Being prepared by AHEC
2 BipasaSHP KhuntpanI West Singhbhum 60
Total 190

3. Survey and Investigation Completed Projects

Sl No. Name of Project Location Capacity MW Status
Block District
1 Shayamali SHP-I Tonto West Singhbhum 400 S & I had been completed by MECON
2 Shayamali SHP-II Tonto West Singhbhum 200
3 Shakuntala SHP Senha Lohardaga 200
4 Pushapanjali SHP Chandwa Palamu 300
5 Kadambani SHP Bishunpur Gumla 80
TOTAL: 1180

4. Projects under Survey and Investigation

Sl. No. Name of Project Location  (District) Capacity (kW) Status
1 Sugubandh SUP Palamu 3000 Not known
2 Muria 5HP Palamu 3000 -do-
3 Hundru SHP Ranchi 1000 -do-
4 Bundu SHP Ranchi 750 -do-
5 Tora SHP Ranchi 500 - do-
6 Bandgaon SHP Ranchi 1000 -do-
7 Mahuadanr SHP West Singhbhum 3000 -do-
TOTAL: 12250  

5. Projects under Pre-Feasibility Report

Sl. No. Name of Project Location  (District) Head in Meter Discharge in Cumec Capacity (kW)
1 Bagodar HEP 5.45 km of B Canal   21.50 13.20 2400
2 Bamar Reservoir LBC HEP   15.00 11.80 1500
3 R.B. Canal HEP   19.00 3.10 500
4 Harkattajore HEP Chandan Block   2.50 20.00 500
5 Jhajhwa HEP Wamev   4.00 25.00 900
6 Senakatan HEP Super Power Block   10.00 11.00 900
7 Loha Tawba HEP BoarlHore Block   3.00 20.00 500
8 Right Canal HEP Aurang Dam Toe   25.60 11.53 2500
9 Rjqht HEP Many Dam Toe   25.00 9.45 2000
10 K. Dam L.S. HEP RD-013.20   13.20 10.00 1000
11 Dimnasat Mala HEPRD104 of Swarnrekha   4.07 55.86 2400
12 Left Canal RD 226.3 of Swamrekha   4.57 55.06 2000
13 Left Canal RD 358 of Swamrekha   9.75 36.57 3000
14 Left Canal RD 405.50 of Swamrekha   4.57 19.56 800
15 Kharkai Dam R.S. HEP RD-0   12.80 12.00 1200
16 Kisko Lohardaga 20.00 7.50 1200
17 Lohardaqa Lohardaga 10.00 15.00 1200
18 Namkum Ranchi 20.00 7.50 1200
19 Lapung Ranchi 10.00 15.00 1200
20 Khuntj Ranchi 20.00 7.50 1200
21 Rania Ranchi 10.00 15.00 1200
22 Torpa Ranchi 80.00 1.818 1200
23 Karra Ranchi 10.00 15.00 1200
24 Irkia Ranchi 10.00 15.00 1200
25 Bundu Ranchi 10.00 15.00 1200
26 Palkot Ranchi 10.00 15.00 1200
27 Raidih Gumla 20.00 7.50 1200
28 Chainpur Gumla 20.00 7.50 1200
29 Dumrl Gumla 20.00 7.50 1200
30 Ghaghra Gumla 10.00 15.00 1200
31 Bharno Gumia 10.00 15.00 1200
32 Basia Gumla 10.00 15.00 1200
33 Kamdara Gumla 20.00 7.50 1200
34 Gumla Gumla 10.00 15,00 1200
35 Bano Gumla 20.00 7.50 1200
36 Thitangey Gumla 20.00 7.50 1200
37 Balbaa Gumla 10.00 15.00 1200
38 Simdega Simdega 20.00 7.50 1200
39 Kolebira Simdega 20.00 7.50 1200
40 Jaldega Simdega 20.00 7.50 1200
41 Khurudeg Simdeaa 20.00 7.50 1200
42 Garu Palamu 10.00 7.50 1200
43 Mahuadanr Palamu 10.00 15.00 1200
44 Bhandaria-Palamu Palamu 20.00 7.50 1200
45 Tantnagar W. Singhbhum 10.00 15.00 1200
46 Manjari W. Singhbhum 10.00 15.00 1200
47 Kumardungi W. Singhbhum 10.00 15.00 1200
48 Mahilong W. Singhbhum 10.00 15.00 1200
49 JhlnkpanI W. Singhbhum 10.00 15.00 1200
50 Bandgaon W. Singhbhum 100.00 1.50 1200
51 Sonua W. Singhbhum 20.00 7.50 1200
52 Goelkera W. Singhbhum 20.00 7.50 1200
53 Manoharpur W. Singhbhum 20.00 7.50 1200
54 Kuchi W. Singhbhum 10.00 15.00 1200
55 Chaibasa W. Singhbhum 10.00 15.00 1200
56 Dumaria W.Singhbhum 10.00 15.00 1200
57 Masalla Dumka 10.00 15.00 1200
58 Gopikanda Dumka 20.00 7.50 1200
59 Kathlkanda Dumka 20.00 7.50 1200
60 Silkaripara Dumka 10.00 15.00 1200
61 Taljhari Sahebganj 10.00 15.00 1200
62 Pathna Sahebganj 10.00 15.00 1200
63 Borlo Sahebganj 10.00 15.00 1200
64 Litipara Sahebganj 10.00 15.00 1200
65 Amrapara Sahebganj 10.00 15.00 1200
66 Pakuria Sahebganj 10.00 15.00 1200
67 Barljori Sahebganj 10.00 15.00 1200
68 Sunder Pahar Sahebganj 20.00 7.50 1200

Note: 52 of these schemes (Sl. 17 to 68) are identified by World Bank.

Designed and Developed by National Informatics Centre, Jharkhand State Unit
Content Owned, Provided and Updated by Department of Industry, Jharkhand