FOCUS AREAS FOR THE STATE GOVERNMENT
By 2004 Department of Industries will bring the industrial development of
Jharkhand at par with leading industrially developed states of the country.
We intend to meet our objectives
By optimal utilization of
- Agro-Climatic Conditions
- Mineral resources
- Human resources
By promoting economic activities to ensure maximum capital investment in the state.
By identifying thrust areas and thrust zones to prioritize the sector.
By developing state of the art technology and infrastructure for
planned and accelerated industrial development.
By encouraging and involving private sector participation
By Promoting export of items where Jharkhand holds advantage over other
By Simplification of procedures and time bound disposal of matters.
Identification of Thrust Areas
The State of Jharkhand is blessed with huge natural resources such as minerals,
forests, water resources, energy sources, fertile land, etc. which can place the
State amongst one of the top most prosperous and developed states of the
Besides, the State is also gifted with relatively moderate climate, good
rainfall, good rail and road communication, technical educational facilities,
research laboratories, management institutes, etc.
With a view to inculcate rapid growth in industrial sector, such industries
which aim to utilities natural resources available in Jharkhand and which can
generate employment for local inhabitants are being classified as thrust area.
It is also intended to give boost to those industries, which propose to add
value to the minerals, forest produce and agro based products available in the
state. Important criteria for determining suitability of thrust industries for
accelerated development in the states are:
- Availability of raw material
- Manpower resources
- Linkage with larger units
- Sustainability aspects
The following industries have been identified as thrust areas for focused industrial development in the State:
Mining and Mineral Based Industries
The potential for growth in mining and mineral based industries is immense.
This sector has huge potential for attracting large investments to create
employment and raise resources. It would be the endeavor of the State
Government to expedite the granting of mining leases and simplify the
procedures with respect to the grant of mining leases. In addition, the State
Government would also provide certain relief to make mining activities easier.
Concerted efforts shall be made to expedite / undertake survey / exploration
of mining resources. Modern methods of exploration like remote sensing, arrow
magnetic survey and other methods would be used to set up the resource
inventory of various minerals in the State. The State Government would
encourage participation of reputed private parties, multinationals and Central
and State agencies in this exercise.
The State Government would encourage joint venture projects with State
Mineral Development Corporation (SMDC) especially in the field of mining.
Private sector would be encouraged to take up mining activities in the State.
Mining lease applications along with project report and all relevant documents
would preferably be disposed off within a period of 60 days of the filing of
Suitable steps would be taken to adopt state of art technology in mining
activities. For this, the Government would promote private sector
participation and would offer a package of reasonable concessions on case to
case basis. To ensure raw material linkage to mining based and other
industries, priority in granting mining leases to such industries and other
such facilities shall be extended.
- Agro based industries
- Cattle feed
- Jute, hemp, sisal and other fabrics
- Tea cultivation, processing and packaging
- Industries based on medicinal and aromatic plants.
- Sericulture / Tasar
- Forest based industry, like Shellac, Bamboo, etc.
- Engineering, auto component, iron & steel and steel based down stream industries.
- Chemical based industries
- Power generating and allied industries
- Electronic and computers and IT based industries
- Industries based on non-conventional energy
- Live stock based industries, such as dairy, poultry, piggery, aquaculture, meat processing, etc.
- Industries based on recycling of wastes, eco friendly raw materials and processes.
- Super specialty Health services
- Telecommunications and related products
- Food processing industry
- Tissue culture products
- Seeds and planting materials
- Foods and Vegetable processing
- Bio-technological processes and products
- Post Harvest technologies
- Cold Storages
- Plastic and plastic based industries.
- Pharmaceutical / drugs based industries.
- Leather based industries.
- Technical education
- Sports goods
- Metallurgical Industries including power intensive units like
induction furnaces are furnaces, ferro alloys, oxygen plants, graphite & gas plants and calcium carbide plants.
- Textile, hosiery, knitwear
- Handicrafts / Khadi / Handloom based industries
- Natural Gas Based Industries
- Housing Fixtures related industries
The World health organisation (WHO) estimated that
80 percent of the population of developing countries relies on traditional
medicines, mostly plant drugs, for their primary health care needs. It is
understood that modern pharmacopoeia still contains at least 25 percent
drugs derived from plants and many others which are synthetic analogues
built on prototype compounds isolated from plants. Demand for medicinal
plant is on the rise both in the developed and developing countries on
account of the growing awareness of natural products being narcotic-free
with practically no side-effects.
INDUSTRIES IN INDA
According to an all India ethno
biological survey carried out by the Ministry of Environment and Forests,
Government of India, there are over 8000 species of medicinal plants grown
in the country. There are estimated to be around 25,000 effective plant
based formulation used in folk medicine and used in rural communities all
over India and about 10,000 designed formulations are available in the
indigenous medical texts.
About 70 percent of India's medicinal plants are found in the tropical
forests, spread across the Western and Eastern Ghats, theVindhyas, Chota
Nagpur plateau, the Aravalis and Himalayan Ranges. The remaining 30
percent of the plants which are found in the temperate and alpine areas
and at higher altitudes, are species of high medicinal value. One-third of
the medicinal plants are trees, an equal portion of them shrubs and the
remaining one-third consists of herbs, grasses and climbers. Indian system
of medicine derives most of its formulations from plants and plant
extracts that exist in the forest. Over 1.5 million practitioners of
Indian system of medicine in the oral and codified streams use medicinal
plants in preventive, promotive and curative applications. There are
estimated to be over 7,800 manufacturing units in India, with the capacity
to produce herbal extracts and drugs from crude botanicals. Annexure I
provides data on annual production of crude herbal drugs in the country.
It is understood that over 800 species are being used by the Indian
industry, out of which only 20 species of plants are under commercial
cultivation. More than 90 percent of the medicinal plants used in the
industry are collected from the forests under wild growth. Over 70 percent
of the plant collections result in destructive harvesting because of the
use of parts like roots, bark, wood, stem and the whole plant in case of
herbs (List of medicinal plants in short supply appears at Annexure II).
Both global and national data on production and trade of medicinal plants
are scanty. However, EXIM Bank in its occasional paper "Indian Medicinal
Plants: A Sector Study" has estimated global trade in medicinal plants, at
around $ 60 billion per year with an annual average growth of 7 percent.
Trade within the country is rather complicated as it involves village
markets, primary wholesale markets, secondary wholesale markets and
terminal markets. Besides, trade in medicinal plants at all levels in
India is marked by secrecy and opacity in working. Current practices of
harvesting besides being unsustainable add to the confusion in identifying
plant materials, where the origin of a particular drug is assigned to more
than one plant, often with different characters, not compatible to one
another. There are also cases where the identity of plant source is
doubtful or unknown leading to adulteration and other undesirable
According to industry sources, India's annual herbal drug production is
expected to reach Rs. 4000 crores by the end of 2002. medicinal Plants,
which are traded in significant quantities in India include Amla,
Aswahagandha, Neem, Sonamukhi, Kumari, Satavari, Shankhapushpi, Ashoka,
Bael, Brahmi, Chandan, Giloe and Devdar.