After the creation of the State of Jharkhand focused attention on telecommunication facilities has resulted into a significant improvement in the telecommunication services and facilities
A separate Telecommunication Circle for Jharkhand has started functioning which would take care of the requirements of this sector. Jharkhand has 337 telephone exchanges having total switching capacity of 3.52 lakhs and has 2.75 lakhs working telephone connections. All district headquarters are connected to the main network by reliable media and STD facility in all district headquarters is available. The switching capacity of major towns of the State such as Ranchi, Hazaribagh and Giridih are being upgraded. The Ranchi internet node has been upgraded to "A" category. Optical Fibre Cable (OFC) media connectivity is available in all district headquarters. At present 6 internet nodes are operational in Jharkhand Telecom Circle. Local dialing facility to access internet is available for all district headquarters.
Regular cellular mobile telephone service (Bharat Mobile Service) in Jharkhand State shall be available by March 2002. The Jharkhand Telecom Circle has formulated extensive plans to link the rural areas through WLL (Wireless in Local Loop). It is also proposed to connect all telephone exchanges through OFC / UHF. It is also proposed to provide limited mobile services to the rural areas. Extensive plans have been made to set up Cyber Cafes at each block headquarter.
The State Government would take steps to utilize the communication facilities available with Railways to set up a dedicated communication network for the State.
PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN TELECOMMUNICATION SECTOR :
The State Government acknowledges the need to induct private investment in this sector to speed up the process of linking up the rural areas with business centres in the State and outside, and also to upgrade the existing system in key areas to that of international standards. The government will thus encourage telecom companies to set up basic services in the State specially in the rural hinterland of the State as well as the areas that are emerging as industrial centres. Presently Reliance Telecom is providing cellular mobile services in the major towns of Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Hazaribagh, Bokaro, Chas, Katras and Ramgarh.
The state government has taken steps to establish Software Technology Park at Ranchi. A "Dedicated Earth Station" shall be installed to enable satellite linked international communication facilities. Such facilities shall also be made available at Jamshedpur etc.
All block headquarters are being connected through optical fibre. Remote areas shall be provided access through Wireless in Local Loop (WLL) facility.
The State Government has adopted E-Governance as the future model to provide transparent and sensitive governance.